Yorkshire Terrier

LittleDog

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Yorkshire or also known as yorkie, is a dog of very small size and with a great character, intelligent, affectionate, bold and very sure of himself. They are ideal to live in an apartment because of their small size.
Its name is due to the fact that it originated in Yorkshire, a region in the north of England.

Height: 5.9-11.8 inches
Weight: Up to 7.05 Pounds
Fur: Long Length
Life expectancy: 15-20 years
Activity Level: Medium
Country of origin: England
Orientative Price: 1100-1600 $

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF THE YORKSHIRE

  • Weight: The Yorkshire Terrier is a small or miniature dog, and its weight should not exceed 7.05 Pounds, as established by the official breed standard.
  • Height: The height of the Yorkshire Terrier ranges from 5.9 to 11.8 inches at the withers in adult dogs.
  • Coat: It has a long to medium-length coat with a fine and silky texture. The coat falls from the backline to both sides and on the head. Some people gather the hair on the head and forehead in a ponytail or with a bow. This breed does not shed its coat and has minimal hair loss, which is why the Yorkshire Terrier has been classified as a hypoallergenic breed by the American Kennel Club.
  • Colors: The most common colors for Yorkshire Terriers are black with brown spots or gray with black spots. They can also have some white markings, usually on the chest, and it’s common to find individuals with a tan spot on the head. The definitive color of the dog is not achieved until they are 3 years old.
  • General Build: Small head, compact body, straight back, and a medium-sized snout (not too long or too flat). Dark, bright eyes with an intelligent expression. The Yorkshire Terrier’s tail is naturally long and fine; until a few years ago, many breeders used to cut it for aesthetic reasons, claiming it was painless. Fortunately, this practice has been banned.
  • Erect Ears: The Yorkshire Terrier’s ears are V-shaped and should be erect, ending in a point, as if the dog were always on alert. Certain care should be taken while the Yorkie is a puppy to raise its ears.

Temperament

The Yorkie has a strong character. Behind its small size is a self-assured, overprotective, brave dog known for its intelligence. The Yorkshire Terrier is always alert and barks when it detects any anomalies in its environment.

On the other hand, it is a very affectionate and affable dog with its owners, capable of adapting to any environment. Due to its small size, it’s ideal for apartment living.

Here are the detailed characteristics of this small yet mighty dog:

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE YORKSHIRE

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Guard Dog and Barker: The Yorkshire Terrier is always on the alert, serving as an excellent watchdog by alerting with its barks to any anomalies or noises in its surroundings. For this reason, Yorkies tend to be quite vocal.

Training and Obedience: Training a Yorkie is relatively easy, thanks to its high intelligence, innate curiosity, and eagerness to learn. To educate the Yorkshire puppy it is important to socialize it from puppyhood and expose it to different people, pets and experiences; otherwise it will be a barking dog and grumpy with strangers.

Socializing them from a young age and exposing them to various people, pets, and experiences is crucial, as failure to do so can result in a Yorkie becoming a noisy and irritable dog around strangers. It’s also advisable to train them to prevent aggressive behaviors towards larger breeds. As with any pet, setting boundaries and using positive reinforcement for training is recommended.

Life Expectancy: Its life expectancy is very high compared to other dogs, it is estimated that the yorkshire can live between 15 and 20 years.

Living with Children: It is not recommended for families with very young children, as the Yorkie is a very small animal that can easily be injured. It’s more suitable for families with slightly older children who can handle it with care and respect and enjoy its companionship and play with it without harming it.

Relationship with Other Pets: Yorkshire Terriers generally get along well with other dogs and cats, provided they have been raised together. If you plan to introduce a new pet, it should be done patiently to avoid the Yorkie feeling displaced. They don’t like losing their status as the center of attention.

Solitude Tolerance: This breed dislikes spending too much time alone or isolated from the family. It’s essential for them to stay in contact with their owners.

Ideal temperature. The temperature that does not support the Yorkshire is the cold. When lower than 7 degrees Celsius, the yorkshire begins to have a hard time, from -4 degrees Celsius, is a disastrous temperature for the Yorkshire.

YORKSHIRE TERRIER CARE

Daily Walks and Activity: Yorkshire Terriers love to play, including games like fetch and toys that make sounds (although be careful, as they tend to break them to find where the sound is coming from). Especially in their early years, Yorkies are quite active and playful.

How many times should the yorkshire be walked?, Ideally, they should have 2 to 3 short walks a day, but they can easily adapt if you prefer one long walk or several shorter ones. A single long daily walk is often sufficient. Be sure to train them to do their business on a puppy pad or newspaper indoors. The key is to provide them with daily playtime and activity, as they are a nervous breed that needs to release excess energy through exercise or play.

Coat Care: If you don’t plan to show your Yorkshire Terrier in dog competitions, you can trim their hair for easier maintenance. For dog shows, the coat should be kept long and glossy, with regular brushing and the use of oils for added shine.

Trimming: We recommend visiting a professional dog groomer for haircuts or, whether you choose to keep their hair long or short, regular trimming for the hair on their legs, paws, ears, and forehead. It’s essential to keep the forehead hair short or tied back to prevent eye damage.

Oral care. Small breeds such as the Yorkshire Terrier have a tendency to generate more bacterial plaque because they have small jaws and their teeth are often crowded.

From about the seventh month of life you can perform toothbrushing with a specific toothpaste. You can combine brushing with special snacks to clean their teeth and gums, they usually like them very much and perceive them as a reward.

Tremors. The Yorkshire is very prone to trembling; it trembles due to cold, nerves, excitement, fear, stress,…

Climate tolerance. Think that this breed tolerates the cold and also the heat. Its ideal temperature is a temperate climate.

How many times should a yorkshire be bathed? The yorkshire should be bathed once a month or every 3 weeks. We can clean it with a damp washcloth every time you go for a walk or when it gets dirty, but the full bath with specific shampoo should be spaced to avoid damaging their sensitive skin. The best way to keep clean the coat of the yorkshire between baths is brushing his hair daily.

Pros and Cons

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Advantages of Yorkshire Terrier:

  • Their high intelligence makes them easy to train.
  • They adapt well to both small apartments and larger homes.
  • Yorkshire Terriers are one of the best choices for people with allergies because they are small, don’t shed, and have a pH similar to humans, making them excellent hypoallergenic candidates.

Disadvantages of Yorkshire Terrier:

  • They are very small dogs with strong temperaments. It is essential to socialize them from a young age because they tend to be protective and, at times, vocal.
  • Although they are small and can play comfortably indoors, they should go for a couple of walks a day.
  • Their coat requires regular brushing to keep it clean, shiny, and free of knots.
  • They are loyal, protective, and attached dogs that cannot stand being alone at home or feeling isolated from the family.

Health

The most common health issues in the breed include:

  • Heart problems.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Cataracts.
  • Dry keratitis.
  • Delicate digestive system (diarrhea or vomiting after eating new foods).
  • Portosystemic shunt.
  • Lymphangiectasia.

History and Origin

The Yorkshire Terrier breed originated in the mid-19th century in the northern English region of Yorkshire.

The Yorkshire Terrier was created by crossing several terrier breeds, including the Skye Terrier, Waterside Terrier, and Clydesdale Terrier, by laborers who had moved to Yorkshire from Scotland. These dogs were somewhat larger than the modern Yorkshire Terrier.

They were used to hunt rats and mice in textile mills and warehouses. Later, they gained popularity among the upper classes due to their beauty and personality. Huddersfield Ben was the dog that defined the breed standard in 1965.

He was a notably famous dog that attended dog shows. His owner was a Yorkshire woman named Mary Ann Foster. After winning awards, Huddersfield Ben produced offspring, and the breed was established. After being fatally hit by a car, the dog’s body, considered the father of the breed, was preserved in a glass case.

In 1870, the breed was officially named the Yorkshire Terrier. It was first registered with the British Kennel Club in 1874.

The first Yorkshire Terrier club in England was created in 1898. In October 1954, the breed was recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), and in November 2011, the most recent breed standard was published. It belongs to Group 3: Terriers, Section 4: Companion and Toy Terriers.

YORKSHIRE TERRIER FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

In this section of the complete profile of the yorkshire terrier we want to answer frequently asked questions and doubts about the yorkie, its feeding, sleeping hours, behavior and care. And all those questions related to the breed.

HOW MANY TIMES A DAY DOES A YORKSHIRE EAT?

The number of times a day that a Yorkshire Terrier should eat can vary according to the age, activity level and breed of the dog. In the case of the yorkshire the amount of daily food is smaller than in a large breed since it has a smaller stomach. This also indicates a saving for the yorkie owner’s pocket.

Next, we detail the general guidelines of how much a yorkie should eat per day according to its age:

FEEDING THE Yorkshire TERRIER puppy

Yorkshire Terrier puppies, especially younger ones, usually need to eat more frequently due to their rapid growth and high energy level. Generally, it is recommended to feed a 2- to 3-month-old Yorkshire Terrier puppy about 3 to 4 times a day. As they get older, you can gradually decrease the frequency of meals.

Trick for the smallest: for Yorkshire puppies under 4 months old, you can moisten their food with a little water to facilitate chewing.

The feed for yorkshire puppy should be of the junior range. This type of feed is formulated to ensure the supply of nutrients necessary for the development of the puppy.

FEEDING THE ADULT YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Adult Yorkshire Terriers usually benefit from two meals a day. Giving them one meal in the morning and another in the afternoon or evening can be an appropriate routine. This gives them time to digest properly and prevents overfeeding.

The feed for adult yorkshire should be from the adult range. The adult range provides the vitamins and nutrients necessary for the optimal functioning of the adult yorkshire’s body.

FEEDING THE ELDERLY YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Older Yorkshire Terriers may need smaller and more frequent meals, especially if they have health problems that affect their ability to eat or digest food.

The feed for elderly yorkshire should be of the senior range. Designed exclusively to meet the special needs of the dog in advanced age.

To take into account when feeding the Yorkie

  • It is important to remember that the amount of food a yorkshire terrier needs also depends on the animal itself, it is essential to adjust the amount of food according to the weight, activity and specific needs of your yorkie to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Maintain a regular feeding schedule and do not overfeed your Yorkshire to avoid health problems and overweight. It is always advisable to consult your veterinarian for specific recommendations for feeding your dog, as they may vary according to individual circumstances.
  • We already know how many times a day a Yorkshire eats, now, many owners wonder what foods can not be given to the Yorkie. There are foods that are harmful to the yorkshire and for all dogs, such as: chocolate, dairy products, onions and garlic, grapes and raisins are fruits that can not be given to the Yorkshire, among other foods that you can consult carefully, in our article where we explain why certain foods are harmful to your dog.
  • If your dog does not eat, consult your veterinarian. The Yorkshire can be without food for 24 hours but in that case, without a doubt, consult your veterinarian.
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HOW MANY HOURS DOES A YORKSHIRE SLEEP?

Dogs in general, including Yorkshire terriers, sleep an average of 12 to 14 hours a day. However, the amount of sleep a dog needs can vary depending on its age, activity level and general health. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Puppies: Yorkie puppies, in particular, require significantly more sleep than adult dogs. They can sleep up to 18-20 hours a day, as sleep is essential for their growth and development.
  • Young: Young Yorkshire terriers, usually 1 to 3 years old, may need about 12 to 14 hours of sleep, but they also enjoy being awake and active during the day.
  • Adults: Adult Yorkshires usually sleep 12 to 14 hours a day, but this may vary depending on their activity level and daily routine.
  • Older or elderly: As dogs age, they may spend more time sleeping. Older yorkshire terriers may sleep 14 to 16 hours a day or even more, depending on their health and comfort.

It is important to keep in mind that dogs do not usually sleep for long periods of time continuously like humans. They tend to have shorter sleep cycles and wake up occasionally, especially if they hear noises or feel the need to relieve themselves.

Sleeping hours may vary according to the dog’s personality, some Yorkshire are more lazy and sleepy and others are more active and awake.

The temperature can also increase or decrease the hours that your Yorkshire sleeps per day. In winter they can feel more desire to be warm in his bed and in summer they can wake up more times by the heat. Exactly as it happens to us.

The days of more activity, days with visitors at home, the return from vacation, travel, are factors that can influence the sleep of the Yorkshire, as in other breeds. In fact, they are similar to us.

IS THE YORKSHIRE A VERY DELICATE DOG?

The big question many people ask about the Yorkshire is whether it is a very delicate dog. Well the answer is no, although its appearance may make us think that it is a weak and apocate dog, the Yorkshire is a tough, energetic, brave and determined dog.

The Yorkshire is not a weak dog but its small size does not accompany him in his great courage. That is, although the Yorkshire with good health is a tough dog and can be tireless, its miniature dog condition can cause problems when jumping from certain heights, risk of someone stepping on him and hurt him and, obviously, will not have the strength of a large and robust bones of large breeds. But this should not make us consider the Yorkshire a delicate dog, as we have mentioned before, it is a small breed with a great personality, intelligence and courage.

YORKSHIRE TERRIER FEMALE OR MALE?

When we are in the situation of choosing a male or female yorkie puppy can assail us doubts about what is the best option and what are the differences between the male yorkie and female yorkie. The characteristics of temperament, care, health and everything discussed in this complete record of the yorkshire are exactly the same for both sexes. Even so there are slight differences that can help you choose between yorkie dog or yorkie puppy.

Female Yorkshire terrier:

  • Size: In general, females tend to be slightly smaller than males, which can be an advantage if you live in a small space or prefer smaller dogs.
  • Behavior: Some people find that females are more docile and less prone to territorial or aggressive behavior.
  • Estrus: Females have a reproductive cycle that includes estrus, which may be a consideration if you do not plan to breed or if you want to avoid estrus. You can opt for spaying to avoid this. Their estrus occurs every 6 months and lasts between 15-20 days. The menstruation of the yorkshire dogs is very little quantity, so they do not cause the nuisance of large breeds. The bleeding can last only a few days at the beginning of the heat.
  • Relationship with other animals: It is said that females sometimes get along better with other animals, such as cats or other dogs, although this can vary widely depending on the personality of each dog.

Male Yorkshire terrier:

  • Size: Males tend to be slightly larger than females, although in Yorkshire Terriers, the size difference is not usually significant.
  • Behavior: Some people find males to be more playful and energetic, which can be an advantage if you want an active partner.
  • Territorial marking: Unneutered males may have a tendency to mark their territory, which means that he will urinate everywhere to leave his mark. It may also be somewhat more difficult to teach him to relieve himself in a specific place. The tendency to mark territory is a behavior that usually decreases with sterilization. The male Yorkshire is not in heat, he is always ready to procreate, but it is not advisable for him to participate in mating until after the first year of life.

Ultimately, the most important thing is each dog’s individual personality and temperament. Each dog, whether male or female, has its own unique personality. I would recommend getting to know the puppies or adult yorkshire dogs you are considering adopting and choosing the one that best suits your lifestyle and needs.

ADOPT A YORKSHIRE

If you are determined and want to adopt a yorkshire terrier, do not hesitate and contact shelters and animal shelters near your place of residence. Adopting a yorkshire is relatively easy because it is a well known and widespread breed. Unfortunately the kennels are full of abandoned dogs waiting for the opportunity to be recatados, so it is a great choice.

In the associations or shelters will explain in detail the steps to follow to carry out the adoption of your Yorkshire. If you do not have available for adoption any dog or bitch of the breed Yorkshire you will take the data to sign up for a waiting list.

For more clarity, read this article on questions to ask when adopting a dog.

If you do not want to adopt and simply want to acquire a Yorkshire puppy, then you must go to a breeder. When choosing breeders, look at their references and if it respects the protocols of health and animal welfare. To differentiate if a Yorkshire is original or mongrel visit this article.

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