The small pomeranian, pomeranian, dwarf spitz or also called lulu, is the smallest dog of the spitz breed. It is characterized by its abundant and striking coat, its curved tail and straight ears, in addition to its toy size.
This breed originating from Germany is extroverted, lively and intelligent. A cheerful little dog bred as a companion dog.
- Weight: For female Pomeranians, the weight ranges from 2 to 2.5 pounds, while males typically weigh between 1.8 and 2 pounds.
- Height: They stand at the withers at around 8.7 to 11 inches.
- Coat: The Pomeranian has two layers of fur, an outer layer with abundant, fluffy, somewhat rough, medium-length hair, and an inner layer with a soft, short coat.
- Colors: Pomeranians come in a variety of solid colors, including white, black, light brown, dark brown, light blue, bright orange, and beaver. Cream-colored Pomeranians have a black nose and eye rims. Some Pomeranians have bi-color or tri-color coats, brindle patterns, spots, or masks. However, the most common Pomeranian is the orange or reddish color.
- General Build: Pomeranians have a small, well-structured, compact body with a short back, a deep chest in proportion to their size, slender legs of medium length, cat-like small feet, erect ears, slightly oval, dark-colored eyes that convey brightness and intelligence, a black or brown nose depending on coat color (never flesh-colored), a tail curved over the back with abundant, rough-textured fur, and they move with a free and floating gait.
- Did you know some Pomeranians have blue tongues? This breed is one of the few that can have this unique characteristic. Learn more about dogs with blue tongue in our article.
The small Pomeranian is an extroverted, intelligent, and lively dog. Despite its diminutive size, it possesses a strong personality. It is affectionate and playful with its owners, always alert and active.
An ideal companion, cheerful, and full of character.
Pomeranians respond well to training, which is advantageous for proper socialization and education.
They are often unaware of their small size and can display the courage of a larger dog. Bred to be a lapdog, they are at home and affectionate, combining their vivacious personality.
Guard Dog: Pomeranians make good guard dogs due to their constant alertness.
Barking: Pomeranians are known to be quite vocal and can be rather noisy.
Training and Obedience: Their intelligence makes them easy to train, especially when started as puppies.
Socialization and training are crucial for a well-balanced dog, given their tendency to escape. Always leash them for safety, unless you have a secure, fenced area. Pomeranians can excel in dog sports like agility and obedience.
Pomeranians and Children: Generally, Pomeranians get along well with children and see them as playmates. However, young children should be supervised and taught to treat their pet with respect.
Pomeranians in Apartments: Due to their toy size, Pomeranians are perfectly suited for apartment living. They also adapt well to houses with gardens or yards for extra play space.
Pomeranians and Other Pets: They typically get along well with other dogs, especially with early socialization. For cohabitation with other pets, early introductions are advisable.
Tolerance to Solitude: Toy-sized Pomeranians do not tolerate being alone for extended periods. They are companion dogs that require attention and company.
Daily Walks and Activity: Pomeranians are active dogs and require daily walks of approximately half an hour. Playtime is also appreciated, allowing them to release their energy and playful nature. Their small size allows them to exercise indoors, but they also benefit from experiencing new smells, sounds, and interacting with other dogs and people. These experiences contribute to a well-balanced Pomeranian.
Coat Care: Pomeranians have a profuse coat that requires weekly brushing to prevent unwanted mats and tangles. Regular brushing from the root helps maintain a clean coat. A visit to a canine groomer for coat maintenance every two months is advisable.
Pros and Cons
Advantages of Pomeranian:
- It’s a perfect, cheerful, and playful companion.
- Well-suited for small apartments and living spaces.
- Adaptable to city and country life. Disadvantages of owning a Pomeranian:
Disadvantages of Pomeranian:
- Requires daily walks of around 30 minutes, which may not suit all owners.
- Tends to be quite vocal.
- Seasonal shedding is common.
- Doesn’t tolerate being left alone for long periods.
Although Pomeranians are generally healthy, some common health issues in the breed include:
- Patellar Luxation
- Tracheal Collapse
- Eye Disorders
- Heart Conditions When acquiring a Pomeranian, it’s advisable to go to breeders who conduct necessary health checks to ensure the genetic health of their dogs.
History and Origin
The Pomeranian is a miniaturized version of the spitz-type sled dogs. The breed is named after Pomerania, a region in northeastern Europe located between Poland and Germany. The name refers to the area where the breed’s miniaturization began.
Pomeranian, Pomeranian, Pom, dwarf spitz, lulu, and zwergspitz are some of the names attributed to the breed.
The breed’s devotees have included Queen Victoria, who contributed to the growing popularity of Pomeranians in the United Kingdom in the late 19th century. Queen Victoria was involved in breeding and participated with her Pomeranians in dog shows and exhibitions. Throughout history, other notable figures such as the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the French writer Emile Zola, and Queen Marie Antoinette have shown enthusiasm for the breed.
In 1870, the Kennel Club of England officially recognized the breed.
The American Kennel Club classified the breed in 1900.
In 1957, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) definitively recognized the breed. The most recent official standard update occurred in 2019.
It falls under Group V: Spitz and primitive types. Section 4: European Spitz.