Toy Poddle

LittleDog

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The toy poodle or small poodle is distinguished by its elegance, intelligence and loving and faithful character. According to the FCI there are 4 types of poodles according to their size: large poodle (also known as standard poodle), medium poodle (medium poodle), dwarf poodle (mini poodle) and toy poodle (toy poodle). In addition, this breed is also characterized by its good character, being somewhat distrustful with strangers.

Height: 9.44- 11 inches
Weight: 9.9 Pounds
Fur: Average length
Life expectancy: 15-18 years
Activity Level: Average
Country of origin: France
Orientative Price: 650-1100 $

Physical Appearance

  • Weight: Depending on the type of Poodle, the weight of this breed ranges from 10 to 66 pounds. Below, we provide the weights for the Miniature and Toy categories:
    • Miniature Poodle: their weight should not exceed 15.5 pounds.
    • Toy Poodle: their weight should not exceed 10 pounds.
  • Height: Similar to their weight, there are differences in height between categories.
    • Miniature/Mini Poodle: ranges between 11 to 13.5 inches.
    • Toy Poodle: should measure a maximum of 9 to 11 inches.
  • Coat: Regardless of the Poodle’s size, their coat is always thick and dense, very curly, woolly, or corded. Another type of coat in Poodles is corded hair that forms rope-like strands, which can grow up to 8 inches in length.
  • Colors: There are seven coat colors for Poodles:
    • Black.
    • Brown.
    • Silver.
    • White.
    • Apricot.
    • Red.
    • Harlequin (speckled with white and black).
  • General Build: Regardless of their size, Poodles have the following physical characteristics:
    • They have an upright head.
    • A pronounced muzzle, firm chest, and muscular shoulders.
    • The tail is long but often shortened by a third when they are puppies, although this practice is becoming less common.
    • Long and strong legs that contribute to their elegant gait.
    • Poodle’s eyes are typically black or brown.

Temperament

While some people claim that gray and apricot Poodles are more nervous and brown and black ones are calmer, these opinions are not scientifically based. A dog’s personality depends on their ancestry, education, and socialization.

Generally, the Toy Poodle is a great companion dog, affectionate, friendly, and cheerful. They are one of the most intelligent breeds and respond well to training and obedience due to their sensitivity to voice intonation. They are balanced and disciplined, staying alert and attentive. They exhibit unexpected strength due to their vitality.

It’s worth highlighting their high loyalty and strong attachment to their owner. Often, a Poodle will follow their owner everywhere, sitting next to them and observing them closely.

Characteristics

Guard Dog: The Poodle is always alert to any anomalies or sounds in their environment, making them good guard dogs.

Training: Poodles are relatively easy to train. Their intelligence and memory work in favor of their training. They tend to be methodical, obedient, and loyal, achieving good results in activities like agility. It’s important to use positive reinforcement in their training, which involves rewarding and praising desirable behaviors. Proper socialization from a young age is essential, as with all dogs.

Lifespan: The life expectancy of Miniature and Toy Poodles is between 15 to 18 years.

Living with Children: Poodles make great companions for children, provided they are properly socialized. They are affectionate and playful, as well as protective. However, children must learn to treat the dog kindly, play without harming them, and respect them.

Interaction with Other Pets: Poodles typically get along well with other pets. Proper socialization, exposing them to other animals and people, is essential to ensure this.

Tolerance for Solitude: Poodles do not tolerate solitude well. They need contact with their owners or other pets to feel content. Otherwise, loneliness can lead to destructive behaviors. If your lifestyle requires the dog to spend many hours alone, you might consider a breed more suited to solitude. To acclimate them to short periods of alone time, start this process when they are young and gradually increase the duration.

Poodles are loyal and deeply attached to their owners. They can be remarkable companions, as exemplified by the story of Baron, the Poodle who performed an incredible feat.

caniche poddle foto 02

Care

Physical Activity and Walks: Poodles need both physical and mental activity. Regular walks, games, running, swimming, exploring, and socializing with other dogs are essential for their well-being.

Apartment Living: Toy Poodles adapt well to apartment living if provided with daily exercise. They can also adapt to life in a house with access to a garden or terrace.

Grooming: Poodles have thick, non-shedding coats that require regular care and grooming. Brushing three times a week will prevent matting, but daily brushing is advised for a silky and clean appearance.

Haircuts: Poodles have various standard haircuts, including the Continental, American Continental, Scandinavian, and Puppy Clip. It’s important to note that Poodles do not shed, making them a hypoallergenic breed.

Hygiene: Special shampoo baths should be given every three weeks to a month to maintain their skin’s health. Wet wipes or water can be used as needed for cleaning.

Diet: Always provide high-quality food appropriate for their size, age, and breed. Monitor the intake of excessive snacks and treats to avoid overweight. Generally, they require two meals a day, but this can vary based on the dog’s size and activity level. Specific snacks for dental care can be beneficial.

Pros and Cons

Advantages of Toy Poodles:

  • They make excellent companions, being affectionate and loyal.
  • Highly intelligent, Toy Poodles rank second in Stanley Coren’s intelligence ranking.

Disadvantages of Toy Poodles:

  • Their curly coat requires frequent grooming.
  • Prolonged periods of solitude can lead to destructive behaviors and unhappiness.
  • They need daily exercise and mental stimulation through games, which may be inconvenient for owners with limited time.

Health

The most common diseases in Poodles include:

  • Elbow Luxation: Dislocation of the elbow joint.
  • Glaucoma: Increased intraocular pressure.
  • External Otitis: Inflammation of the ear canal.

Common skin conditions in the Poodle breed include:

  • Sebaceous Adenitis: Dermatological inflammation causing dandruff and itching.
  • Fungal Infections: Caused by parasites.
  • Allergies: Allergies to dust, pollen, etc.

The most common conditions in Toy and Miniature Poodles are:

  • Aseptic Necrosis of the Femoral Head.
  • Hydrocephalus.
  • Shoulder Dislocation.
  • Atlantoaxial Luxation.
  • Patellar Luxation.
  • Tracheal Collapse.
  • Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis.
  • Portosystemic Shunt.
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History and Origin

For many centuries, the poodle (also known as the caniche) and the barbet were one and the same animal. We need to go back to the High Middle Ages to trace the origins of the poodle. In the year 700, Muslim armies departed from Mecca to Islamize the North of Africa, subjugating nomadic peoples who used robust dogs for guarding their camps and herding. With these settlements and their dogs, the Islamic army continued its advance into Spain and Portugal, where the dogs they brought with them mated with local breeds like the water dog.

The barbet-caniche dogs served as both sheep guardians and wild bird hunters.

It wasn’t until the 16th century that the barbet and the caniche began to differentiate progressively and definitively. Many of these dogs continued to be used for hunting, while others were bred with spaniels to achieve a softer texture in their coats or to produce more original specimens in white color. This gave birth to the poodles, which soon gained popularity in European courts.

Germany and Italy both claimed the paternity of this breed, but it is now considered to be of French origin.

In the France of Louis XV’s reign, the poodle became a common sight among the ladies of the court. They became fashionable, along with bichons, and due to this rivalry, breeders started creating smaller specimens, giving rise to miniature poodles and, later, toy poodles.

In the 19th century, the trend of giving them various grooming styles like the montano cut, continental cut, or the classic lion cut began. It was customary to amputate the tails of newly born poodles to make them shorter and supposedly more aesthetic.

The breed continued to spread among aristocrats and millionaires who were charmed by the beauty and intelligence of the breed.

In the middle of the 20th century, the poodle achieved international success. In the United States, it was among the top three most numerous breeds. In January 1955, the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), and the last official standard, valid since November 2004, classified it in Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 2: Poodles.