Scottish Terrier

LittleDog

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The Scottish terrier or also known by aberdeen terrier or scottie, is a reserved dog, but cheerful with his family. A great alarm dog, protective and very loyal. Some know him as “the Monopoly dog” since his image was represented on the chips of this game.

Height: 9.85-11 inches
Weight: 18.75- 23.2 Pounds
Fur: Average length
Life expectancy: 11-13 years
Activity Level: Average
Country of origin: Scotland
Orientative Price: 1100-1600 $

Physical Appearance

  • Weight: The weight of a Scottish Terrier ranges from 18.7 to 23.1 lbs.
  • Height: The height at the withers of a Scottish Terrier ranges from 9.8 to 11 inches.
  • Coat: The Scottish Terrier has a double-layered coat. The inner layer is soft, short, and dense, while the outer layer is hard, wiry, and close to the body. These two layers provide protection against adverse weather conditions, and the tight, wiry coat is hypoallergenic with minimal shedding.
  • Colors: Scottish Terriers come in black, wheaten, and brindle colors. The breed standard does not include white Scottish Terriers.
  • General Build: This is a compact dog with short, powerful limbs. Its appearance exudes strength and activity within its small frame. It has a muscular neck and a head that is long in proportion to its body length, a defining characteristic of the Scottie.
  • The nose is elongated and black, and it has a long, deep, and strong muzzle with a scissor bite.
  • The eyes are dark brown.
  • The tail is of medium length, carried upright or with a gentle curve, thicker at the base and tapering towards the tip.
  • The ears are pointed and always erect.
  • The Scottish Terrier walks with a brisk and agile gait.

Temperament

What is the Scottish Terrier like? The Scottish Terrier is a reserved and independent dog that can be somewhat stubborn but is also cheerful and lively with its owners. It is intelligent and brave, always alert and determined. It is highly loyal and protective of its family. It is dynamic, agile in movement, resilient, and fast, owing to its history as a burrow-hunting dog.

It makes an ideal pet for owners who don’t require constant displays of affection but can provide the necessary activity it needs.

Characteristics

Guard Dog: It makes an excellent guard dog due to its constant alertness, protective instincts, and territorial nature.

Barking: Like most terriers, it is prone to barking. Excessive barking can be trained to occur only when necessary.

Training and Obedience: Due to its independent and sometimes stubborn nature, basic obedience training is recommended. The Scottish Terrier tends to bond closely with one person as its leader. Early socialization is essential to prevent inappropriate behaviors. Teaching it to do its business in a designated area is crucial from a young age.

Scottish Terrier with Children: Scottish Terriers can get along with children if they receive proper early socialization and if children treat them with respect. Keep in mind that they are not very patient dogs and have an independent nature. They do not show constant affection like some other pets, so it’s important for children to understand and respect their moments of calm or disinterest in playing. They are better suited for older children.

Scottish Terrier with Other Pets: Scottish Terriers are not highly sociable dogs, especially when interacting with dogs of the same sex, which can lead to aggressive behaviors. Small pets like hamsters are not recommended due to their hunting instinct. However, with proper early socialization, they can get along with other animals.

Scottish Terrier in an Apartment: Scottish Terriers adapt well to apartment living as long as their daily exercise needs are met. If you have a yard, make sure it’s securely fenced to prevent escapes, as they have a tendency to dig due to their burrow-hunting instincts.

Tolerance of Solitude: Their independent nature allows them to tolerate solitude well. However, this doesn’t mean they can be left alone for extended periods. They still need attention and care.

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Care

Daily Walks and Activity: Scottish Terriers need moderate daily physical and mental exercise, including one or two daily walks and playtime. As terriers, they enjoy digging, so providing a designated digging area can be a satisfying activity for them.

Grooming: You should brush your Scottish Terrier’s coat regularly (three to four times a week) to keep it tangle-free and clean, especially the beard, which is prone to tangling. Professional groomers may perform stripping (removing dead hair) to maintain their coat health, recommended approximately once every quarter, especially if they participate in dog shows.

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Pros and Cons

Advantages of Scottish Terrier:

  • Tolerates solitude well due to its independent nature.
  • Makes an excellent guard dog.
  • Is loyal and protective.

Disadvantages of Scottish Terrier:

  • Requires frequent grooming.
  • Not overly affectionate, which may be a disadvantage if you desire an affectionate and clingy dog.
  • Not recommended for households with very young children or other pets.
  • Can be somewhat stubborn in obedience.
  • Has a strong tendency to dig.

Health

The Scottish Terrier is prone to certain hereditary diseases, including:

  • Cranio-Mandibular Osteopathy (excessive growth of the lower jaw).
  • Von Willebrand Disease (a hereditary bleeding disorder affecting blood clotting).
  • Scottie Cramp (a hereditary disorder causing discomfort during chewing).
  • Patellar Luxation (dislocation of the kneecap).
  • Cerebellar Abiotrophy (neurological disease).
  • Eye diseases.
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History and Origin

The Scottish Terrier was created in Aberdeen in the 19th century and likely originated from terriers on Scottish islands.

In 1882, the Scottish Terrier Club was founded, and a year later, the first standard for the Scottie was described.

In 1885, the breed that we know today began to take shape, led by Captain Gordon Muray with the support of the Kennel Club’s founder and president, Sewalis Evelyn Shirley. The Scottish Terrier is a robust and energetic dog bred for outdoor work and as a hunter of small burrowing animals.

This breed has always been popular in North America. When the famous game Monopoly was created, the image of the Scottie was used for the game pieces.

The FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) officially recognized the breed in October 1954 and published the latest official standard in October 2010, classifying it in Group 3: Terriers, Section 2: Small Terriers.

Interesting Fact about the Scottish Terrier: The Scottie has been the most frequently seen breed in the White House. Some of its most famous owners include Presidents Roosevelt, George W. Bush, and notable figures like Eva Braun and Queen Victoria, among others.