The dandie dinmont terrier is an independent, brave and bold dog, but with his family he is affectionate, loyal and calm. His appearance is elegant, he is small in size and his peculiar shaggy head makes him a distinguished companion dog.
- Weight: The Dandie Dinmont Terrier typically weighs between 17-24 lbs.
- Height: Its height ranges from 8-11 inches.
- Coat: The undercoat is soft in texture, while the outer coat is tough and rough, providing protection against harsh weather conditions.
- Colors: Pepper: The pepper variation encompasses a range of shades from dark bluish-black to light silvery gray, with a plentiful silver-white topknot.
- Mustard: The mustard variation includes colors ranging from reddish-brown to light fawn. The extremities are slightly darker than the head, which sports a cream-white topknot.
- General Build: Its prominent features include a head adorned with a thick, silky topknot, a long, flexible, strong body with an arched back, short, muscular legs, a well-developed chest, and a vigorous neck.
- Black nose. Strong and healthy jaw with a scissor bite. The inside of the mouth is dark or black.
- Drooping ears, low-set and pointed. Large, bright, hazel-dark eyes. It exhibits great agility in movement, being free and powerful.
The Dandie Dinmont is a bold and courageous dog with a strong hunting instinct. It is a highly intelligent breed. Its behavior is independent, resourceful, and determined.
It also shows sociability with other dogs, except for small animals that it might mistake for prey. With its owners, it is sensitive, affectionate, and noble. Its energetic and protective nature makes it a good home guardian. It is an elegant and lively terrier, enjoying playtime with toys and, being a true terrier, it likes to dig.
Guard Dog: It is an excellent guard dog that will alert with loud and powerful barks to any presence or anomaly.
Training and Obedience: Due to the intelligence and focus of the Dandie Dinmont, it is easy to train. They are very attentive and lively canines who learn quickly. It is essential to keep their training sessions from becoming too repetitive to prevent distraction. For this reason, conduct training with methods of positive reinforcement, rewarding and praising the behaviors you wish to reinforce.
Dandie Dinmont in an Apartment: This breed adapts well to city and country life. They can live in an apartment or a house and are accustomed to both options. If they have a garden, they will enjoy running and playing, but beware of their tendency to dig holes. If they live in an apartment, daily walks will keep them healthy and active.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier with Children: They tend to get along well with children, although it is recommended for older children. Adult supervision is advisable when they interact with young kids.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier with Other Pets: They can get along with other dogs. Interactions with cats may require more careful socialization, especially if raised together from a young age. However, living with small animals like hamsters is strongly discouraged, as their hunting instinct may be triggered.
The Dandie Terrier is not aware of its small size and can act bravely, even confronting larger animals if provoked. It is essential to work on socialization, gradually exposing the dog to various environments, people, and animals from a young age.
Adaptation to Solitude: Dandie Dinmont Terriers enjoy spending time with their families, so they are not recommended for families that are away all day.
Daily Walks and Activity: Providing daily walks for the Dandie Dinmont is essential to exercise and release their energy. It’s also important to set aside daily playtime to stimulate their intelligence. It’s crucial to ensure that they exercise daily to avoid becoming overweight.
Coat Care: Due to the density of their coat, regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and to keep it clean and shiny.
Pros and Cons
Advantages of Dandie Dinmont Terrier:
- The Dandie Dinmont is a bold and intelligent dog that shows affection and loyalty to its owners.
- It adapts well to both city and country living.
- It is easy to train due to its high intelligence.
Disadvantages of Dandie Dinmont Terrier:
- It requires daily walks and mental stimulation through play, necessitating a daily time commitment.
- Not recommended for very young children or small animals due to its hunting instinct.
- Frequent brushing is necessary to maintain its coat.
- It can be very brave and may confront larger dogs, so early socialization is crucial.
This breed is prone to vertebral issues such as disc herniation, owing to its elongated back and short legs.
Other relatively common health concerns include hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, and Cushing’s syndrome.
Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect and treat these conditions in a timely manner.
History and Origin
Originating from England, the history of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier is believed to have begun in the 18th century when groups of nomads roamed the northern regions of England, utilizing tenacious terriers for hunting.
The writer Walter Scott, author of the novel “Ivanhoe,” greatly popularized the breed by featuring them in his 1814 novel “Guy Mannering.” In the story, he drew inspiration from this breed to create endearing yet formidable terriers that accompanied one of the protagonists, a farmer named Dandie Dinmont, giving the breed its name.
Over time, British breeders refined the lineage of the breed, and eventually, the Kennel Club recognized it, publishing its first breed standard in 1876.
The FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) officially recognized the breed in May 1955 and released its latest official standard in August 2017, classifying it in Group 3: Terriers, Section 2: Small-sized terriers.
Regarding related breeds in the Dandie Dinmont’s ancestry, various breeds such as the Bedlington Terrier, Border Terrier, and Wire-haired Dachshund are considered.