The small French bulldog is a captivating dog because of its penetrating look with large round eyes. It is also a docile, communicative and affectionate breed. He is faithful to his owners and wants them only for himself. Learn all about the miniature bulldog.
- Weight. The standard weight for males ranges from 20-31 lbs, and for females, it’s 18-29 lbs.
- Height. The height at the withers for males varies between 10.6-13.8 inches, and for females, it’s 9.4-12.6 inches.
- Coat. The French Bulldog has a short, smooth, and tight coat. It is soft in texture and consists of a single layer.
- Colors. There are color varieties for the French Bulldog:
- Brindle without white markings: Fawn coat with tiger-striped brindle markings. It may have a black mask and small white marks.
- Fawn without white markings: Solid fawn-colored coat, both light and dark. It may have a black mask and small white marks.
- Pied with brindle: Brindle coat with white patches all over the body.
- Pied with fawn: Fawn coat with white patches all over the body. Completely white dogs fall under the pied category. Eyelashes, eye rims, and the nose should be black.
- General Build. The French Bulldog is a compact and sturdy dog with great robustness. It is small, short, and brachycephalic, with a short, flat face, erect ears, and a short tail. Its appearance is that of an active animal with an intelligent attitude.
- It is muscular, displaying a compact structure and a solid bone structure. Wide head with folds in the skin.
- Distinct stop, short and upturned nose, flat muzzle with folds. Alert, separated, large, round, and dark eyes. Medium-sized ears, wider at the base and rounded at the tips.
The French Bulldog is considered a companion dog. It is sociable, lively, alert, affectionate, and fun-loving. Although its ancestors were fierce fighters, the French Bulldog is affectionate and sensitive.
It is naturally docile and becomes very attached to its owners, sometimes to the point of possessiveness, and it doesn’t tolerate loneliness well. It is only happy when in the company of its owners.
It’s a sensitive dog that can adapt to a calm demeanor when around elderly or ill individuals. The French Bulldog is highly expressive and requires communication.
It can take offense and become upset when ignored. This breed is brave, especially the males, and can be somewhat reckless.
Care should be taken to prevent them from putting themselves in danger due to their desire to be accommodating and their strong curiosity.
Guard Dog. The French Bulldog is a brave and protective dog, making it a good guard dog.
Barking. It’s not a very vocal dog.
Training and Education. Like any breed, it’s important to start training your French Bulldog from a young age. Positive reinforcement is the perfect formula for balanced and effective training.
Socializing your puppy will help avoid aggressive or overly clingy behavior. Socialization helps the dog feel comfortable and secure in various situations. By educating them, for example, we get them to always pee and poop in the same place or avoid problems such as my French bulldog not obeying me. To do this, practice basic obedience commands. Be patient and remember to use positive reinforcement.
The French Bulldog with Children. This breed enjoys playing with children but, due to its small size, supervision is necessary with small kids. Ensuring the dog receives proper socialization is key to getting along well with children and people, as well as other animals or situations.
The French Bulldog in an Apartment. The French Bulldog adapts well to both apartment living and more open environments due to its small size and calm nature.
The French Bulldog with Other Pets. It usually doesn’t show much interest in other dogs or pets. It can become jealous if it feels another animal is receiving more attention.
Tolerance for Solitude. It doesn’t handle solitude well. It is a highly possessive and dependent breed. Prolonged periods of loneliness can lead to anxiety and destructive behavior or excessive barking.
If your lifestyle involves being away from home for extended periods, it may be better to consider a more independent dog.
Daily Walks and Activity. The French Bulldog doesn’t require excessive exercise. Two short walks of 20 to 30 minutes a day are sufficient. Avoid intense physical exercise, as this breed doesn’t tolerate heat well and is prone to heatstroke.
Coat Care and Baths. Their short coat is easy to clean and doesn’t require frequent brushing or haircuts. A bath once a month is usually enough. However, they may not enjoy bath time.
Once a month, during bath time, be sure to check their ears, trim their nails, and clean the folds in their skin, where dirt can accumulate unnoticed.
Climate Issues. The French Bulldog, like other brachycephalic breeds, has a short nose and a flat face. Due to this physiological feature, when they breathe, the air entering their lungs doesn’t cool down enough, making them vulnerable to heat-related problems. This characteristic is called brachycephaly. Brachycephalic dogs, such as the Shih Tzu, Pug, and French Bulldog, struggle in high temperatures and are at risk of heatstroke. Avoid vigorous exercise in hot weather, and always provide water during the warmest seasons.
Pros and Cons
Advantages of French Bulldog:
- Adapts well to both apartment living and houses with limited space.
- Requires minimal exercise.
- Doesn’t need haircuts, as their coat is always short, saving you grooming expenses.
Disadvantages of French Bulldog:
- Brachycephalic issues can lead to excessive snoring and breathing difficulties.
- They are highly attached and dependent on their owners, making it necessary to avoid leaving them alone for extended periods.
The French Bulldog is prone to several health issues that are common in the breed, including:
- Ear infections.
- Diarrhea, which may be caused by ulcerative colitis.
- Cataracts and conjunctivitis, common eye problems.
- Spinal problems, such as herniated discs and hemivertebrae, caused by vertebral deformities.
- Cleft lip.
- Hemophilia, a blood clotting disorder.
History and Origin
The modern French Bulldog as we know it today appeared in France in the late 19th century. There are several hypotheses about the breed’s remote origins. It is believed to be a miniature version of the English Bulldog (English Toy Bulldog), created through crosses with small terriers.
Another theory suggests that it originated from small dogues, called doguines, crossed with small terriers and possibly Pugs, resulting in the French Bulldog. The involvement of the Pug breed could explain the breed’s distinctive eyes, and the terriers may account for their erect ears.
Yet another hypothesis claims that the breed’s roots lie in the Dogo de Burgos, a relative of the Dogue de Bordeaux. This theory is supported by the existence of small dogues resembling British bulldogs with bat-like ears, similar to the French Bulldog.
The breed is known as the English Toy Bulldog in its English form, Bouledogue Français in French (boule means small and also ball), and French Bulldog or Frenchie among friends. The breed was immortalized in 1901 by the painter Toulouse Lautrec in the painting “Le marchand de marrons.”
The first association of enthusiasts and breeders for the breed was founded in Paris in 1880. The first provisional registry was opened in 1885. The French Bulldog made its debut in dog shows in 1887, and the breed’s club statutes were drafted the following year. In 1898, the first breed standard was established, and the French Canine Society officially recognized the breed
The breed was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954. The most recent official breed standard was published in 2014. It is classified in Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 11: Small Molossians. Now that you have all the details to evaluate whether the French Bulldog is your ideal dog and fits your lifestyle, you can continue exploring small dog breeds that may be perfect for you on our website.