Peruvian Hairless Dog

LittleDog

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The Peruvian dog, or also known as the Peruvian viringo dog and Peruvian Inca orchid, among others, is one of the few hairless dog breeds, as is the case with the Xoloitzcuintle. This dog, declared national patrimony of Peru, is an affectionate, agile and curious dog. It is affectionate, faithful and protective of its owners.

Height: 20-25.5 inches
Weight: 26.5- 66 Pounds
Fur: Hairless
Life expectancy: 11-12 years
Activity Level: Average
Country of origin: Peru
Orientative Price: – $

Physical Appearance

  • Weight. The Peruvian Hairless Dog weighs between 26.5-66 lbs. There are medium and large sizes within the breed.
  • Height. Its height ranges from 20-25.5 inches.
  • Skin. Like other hairless dog breeds, the Peruvian Hairless Dog has the genetic peculiarity of having both furry and hairless individuals within the same litter. The hairless variety has warm, soft, and elastic skin. It may have some fur on the head, feet, or the tip of the tail, in various colors.
  • Colors. The Peruvian Hairless Dog can display different colors, according to the FCI, including various shades of black like slate black, elephant, bluish, any shade of gray, bronze, brown tones from dark brown to light blonde. It can have white or pink spots.
  • The Peruvian Hairless Dog with fur has a coat of smooth, short hair. Any color is acceptable except for merle.
  • General Build. The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a sleek and elegant dog with apparent strength and speed.
  • Strong and muscular back.
  • Long and elastic limbs.
  • Medium tail with a low insertion, wider at the base and tapering towards the tip.
  • When alert, it raises it towards the back without curving, and in a relaxed state, the tail hangs with a hook at the tip, sometimes, it can be carried coiled under the belly.
  • Like all hairless dogs, it has an incomplete dentition due to genetic differences. Its bite is scissors. Nose pigmented in a shade similar to its skin.
  • Straight-line profile of the muzzle.
  • Large ears ending in a point; when alert, they remain erect.
  • Almond-shaped eyes in colors ranging from black and chestnut to yellow, in a tone that harmonizes with its skin color. Its gaze is attentive and denotes intelligence.
  • Nails will be black in individuals with dark skin and white in individuals with light skin.

Temperament

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is always alert and has a vigilant attitude. It is wary of strangers but affectionate and confident with its owners. It is of a noble and protective nature towards its family.

Although it can adapt to any living space, it is not advisable for it to live outdoors due to its highly sensitive hairless skin.

As it has unprotected skin, we must provide care for both sun and cold. It is an affectionate and loyal dog, making it a good companion.

Characteristics

Guard Dog. Its alert state, natural distrust of strangers, and protective instinct make it a good guard dog.

Training and Obedience. It is recommended to foster the sociable aspect of the Peruvian Inca Orchid through socialization to avoid aggressive or extremely suspicious behaviors.

Obedience training is beneficial for both the dog and its owners. Knowing the rules and boundaries is highly recommended for a harmonious coexistence.

The Peruvian Hairless Dog with Children. Children can enjoy the energy and playfulness of the Peruvian dog; however, it is essential to ensure that the dog has been socialized from a young age to guarantee good behavior.

Teaching children to treat their pet with respect is also indispensable. In the case of very young children, adult supervision is always advised.

Care

Daily Walks and Activity. The Peruvian Hairless Dog requires daily physical exercise. You should provide daily walks and dedicated playtime.

Skin Care. Since it lacks fur, skin care is essential for this breed. For cold weather, it is recommended to keep them warm and indoors. To protect them from the sun, sunscreen should be applied to their skin. The hairless dog’s skin tans, which can change its color with the seasons.

Baths. You can bathe the Peruvian dog once a month with a specific shampoo for the breed to care for and respect its delicate skin.

Pros and Cons

Advantages of Peruvian Hairless Dog:

  • The Peruvian Hairless Dog is affectionate with its owners and makes a good companion.
  • It is a good guard dog due to its protective instinct.

Disadvantages of Peruvian Hairless Dog:

  • Its sensitive skin requires careful protection from the sun and cold.
  • Dental care is essential due to its lack of teeth.
  • It can be suspicious.
  • The Peruvian dog is a less common breed and, therefore, somewhat difficult to find outside of Peru.

Health

This breed, like all hairless breeds, has the peculiarity of missing some teeth. This is due to the same genetic peculiarity that gives them a lack of hair.

The missing teeth are usually premolars. The gene responsible for the absence of hair and dental issues is called Foxy3 and is present in all hairless breeds, such as the Chinese Crested and Xoloitzcuintle. Otherwise, it does not have frequent health issues.

Regular care and veterinary visits are necessary to provide the mandatory vaccinations and a general check-up.

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History and Origin

The Peruvian Hairless Dog is known by many other names: Inca Orchid, Peruvian Dog, Viringo, Calato, Inca Dog, Chimú Dog, Chimo Dog, or Chimoc Dog.

It is believed to be a very ancient breed (around 300 B.C) since it is found in representations of various ancient cultures such as the Pre-Inca, Vicús, Mochica, Chancay, Chimú, among others.

Its exceptional feature is its hairlessness, which created great curiosity and fame for the breed. Various properties were attributed to it, such as alleviating rheumatic pains due to the warmth of its hairless skin.

It was also associated with benefits like preventing allergies and respiratory problems, in addition to being a pet free of fleas and ticks.

In 1958, the breed was officially recognized as native to Peru, and it is considered Peru’s heritage. The FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) defined the breed in June 1981, classifying it in Group 5: Spitz and Primitive type dogs, Section 6: Primitive type dogs. This is a pure breed that has not undergone morphological changes.

In October 2012, the FCI published the latest valid standard for the breed.