The best dog breeds for allergic people are those breeds that are considered hypoallergenic. What does hypoallergenic mean? Well, it means that they have little or no allergen, that is, these dogs have less allergens or do not shed hair. This is because the person who suffers from dog allergies actually suffers from allergies to the allergens found in the animal’s dander and saliva. Read on to learn about 36 hypoallergenic dog breeds. From small, large and medium hypoallergenic dog breeds, even hypoallergenic water dogs.
what are hypoallergenic dogs?
As previously mentioned, allergens responsible for allergies are proteins found in the dander, saliva, and urine of the animal. Hypoallergenic dogs are those that produce fewer allergens, do not shed hair, or have a pH level similar to that of humans.
It’s important to note that a dog’s fur by itself does not cause allergies; there’s no such thing as an “anti-allergenic” or “hypoallergenic” coat. The issue with fur is that it acts as the primary carrier for transporting and dispersing allergens in the environment, leading to symptoms like sneezing, eczema, teary eyes, and more.
Therefore, when a dog is hairless or does not shed or shed hair, allergens are not released everywhere. Therefore, dogs that do not shed their hair are hypoallergenic dogs.
It is not scientifically proven that hypoallergenic dogs do not produce allergies, but there are allergic people who manage to tolerate allergies better with one of these hypoallergenic dog breeds. For this it is important that they are dogs that do not shed their hair and, remember: if they are small in size, less allergens.
- what are hypoallergenic dogs?
- WHAT BREEDS OF DOGS ARE HYPOALLERGENIC
- SMALL HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS:
- MEDIUM HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS
- LARGE HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS
WHAT BREEDS OF DOGS ARE HYPOALLERGENIC
In order for you to find the hypoallergenic breed that suits you best we present a list of hypoallergenic dogs divided by large, medium and small sizes.
Some of the breeds may have different sizes, such as the schnauzer, the astralian cobberdog, goldendoodle, xoloitzcuintle, Peruvian hairless dog and even the poodle, has its medium and giant specimen. They have been ordered according to their most common presence.
SMALL HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS:
The best choice for a hypoallergenic dog is undoubtedly a small breed hypoallergenic dog because the smaller the animal the less allergens and the more hypoallergenic it is.
Shih Tzus are small, hypoallergenic dogs of Asian origin. They are affectionate and calm.
In spite of its abundant coat that gives it such an enigmatic appearance, it does not molt, so the shih tzu does not shed its hair. This makes it a good candidate for allergy sufferers.
The Yorkie is the smallest hypoallergenic dog. It does not suffer from hair loss and has a ph similar to human. It is one of the most loved dogs to live in apartments because it is a very small dog. Although the yorkshire is a toy dog, we are facing a dog of great personality and intelligence.
It is affectionate and playful. He loves to be with his owners and feel loved. The yorkshire is one of the best hypoallergenic breeds due to the characteristics of its coat and its very small size.
The Maltese is a small hypoallergenic breed with an adorable appearance and a friendly and affectionate nature.
They are known to be highly attached to their owners and dislike being left alone. Their white, silky fur requires brushing to prevent tangles.
Like all Bichon breeds, the Bichon Frise is affectionate and friendly. They are small, lively, and have curly white fur that doesn’t shed, making them a good choice for people with allergies.
It can often be confused with the poodle, to know how to distinguish them well, see this article.
Another bichon with a silky coat and no shedding, making it a good dog for allergy sufferers. The Havanese can be white, tan (the color to which it owes its name) or with brown or brown spots. It is a jovial and affectionate dog. Its size is small and it is a hypoallergenic breed that does not usually cause allergies.
The last bichon on the list, the Bolognese bichon, is a small, affable, affectionate and calm hypoallergenic dog. Its coat is fine and silky, white or ivory in color.
It does not moult seasonally and therefore does not shed its hair. Its small size and no hair loss are the points in favor to become one of the best dogs for allergy sufferers.
The Poodle or also known as poodle is a small, cheerful and very intelligent hypoallergenic dog. It is ranked number 2 in intelligence. Its coat is curly and dense. Because it is so tight, it retains allergens and makes it difficult to shed.
In addition, the Poodle’s hair does not fall out and this aspect is fundamental for the good coexistence with allergic people. The poodle can be found in small, medium and giant sizes, being the small the most common.
The Schnauzer is a small and also a medium hypoallergenic dog, as there are two sizes of Schnauzer: miniature Schnauzer and standard-medium Schnauzer. It is famous for its appearance characterized by prominent eyebrows and beard.
It is an active, protective and playful dog. In hypoallergenic matters, smaller breeds are always recommended for the simple reason that the smaller the size, the less allergens and therefore, the more antiallergic.
The Schnauzer’s coat is thick and hard and has a negligible shedding, that is why the Schnauzer is hypoallergenic.
Wire Fox Terrier
The Wire Fox Terrier breed is a hypoallergenic dog of small size but a whirlwind. It has a strong personality and a lot of dynamism. Its coat is dense and harsh. It is very rough and therefore retains allergens and does not allow them to spread.
The Wire Fox Terrier does not shed and is one of the best hypoallergenic dogs. But beware, there is a variety of fox terrier with silky coat that is not hypoallergenic.
This breed was made especially famous by Toto from the Wizard of Oz. The Cairn terrier is a small, active and affectionate hypoallergenic dog.
It has a rough, water-resistant coat that does not shed or shed easily, a good choice for a small hypoallergenic dog.
The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of the Greyhounds. It is a calm and affectionate dog. Its short and fine coat has hardly any shedding and with its small size it is the best hypoallergenic greyhound.
It is a very loyal and obedient breed. The Italian Greyhound is the smallest hypoallergenic greyhound.
Coton de Tulear
Similar to the Bichon, the Coton de Tulear is a small hypoallergenic breed with a white or white with patches coat.
Their silky, cottony fur doesn’t shed, and they are known for their affection, playfulness, and devotion to their owners.
West highland white terrier
This breed is also affectionately known as Westie or Westy. The West Highland White terrier is a small, active, sociable and courageous dog.
It is white in color and has a rough, hard outer coat and a silky undercoat. It does not shed its hair, is small and is a hypoallergenic dog of small size.
The Chinese Crested comes in both hairless and powder puff varieties.
The small hairless Chinese Crested is hypoallergenic, active, and affectionate. They have no fur except for some fuzz on their head, feet, and tail, preventing allergens from spreading.
Dandie dinmont terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier breed has a brave and bold temperament but is affectionate and calm with its owners.
It is a small hypoallergenic dog with a harsh, rough to the touch coat and its droop is negligible.
American Hairless Terrier
Another hairless breed is the American Hairless Terrier, which is energetic, cheerful, and curious. Their skin is soft and should be protected from the sun.
The American Hairless Terrier is a hypoallergenic breed. There is the American Terrier with hair and this variety is not an anti-allergic dog.
MEDIUM HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS
Neither small nor large, medium dogs can have the charm of both sizes. Neither being too small or seemingly weaker (only seemingly), nor being large and taking up more space and making bathing, transportation, activity requirements, etc. more cumbersome. Find your medium hypoallergenic dog in the following list.
The Basenji breed is quite peculiar. It is an alert and independent, hypoallergenic, medium-sized dog of African origin. It is a dog that does not bark. It does not give off a bad smell.
It is very clean and knows how to climb, like cats. The Basenji is considered a hypoallergenic dog because it hardly sheds its hair. It has a very short coat that does not shed and does not fall out, not distributing allergens.
Portuguese Water Dog
Also known as Cão de Água Português, the Portuguese Water Dog is an active, intelligent, medium to large breed.
It comes in two coat varieties: long and wavy or short and curly, both considered hypoallergenic due to minimal shedding.
The Border Collie is often considered the world’s most intelligent dog breed. They are medium-sized, athletic, and excellent working dogs.
While they have a dense coat that undergoes regular shedding, their hypoallergenic potential comes from having a pH level similar to human skin. However, it’s essential to ensure compatibility.
Also known as Xolo or the Mexican Hairless Dog, this breed comes in small, medium, and large sizes.
The Xoloitzcuintle is a hypoallergenic, alert, intelligent and very affectionate breed. It has no fur.
It is one of the naked dog breeds or hairless dogs and its skin should be protected from the sun and cold. For allergy sufferers, smaller sizes are recommended to further reduce allergens.
The Welsh Terrier, also known as the Welshy, is a medium-sized, energetic, cheerful, and active breed.
They have a wiry, hard, and dense coat that doesn’t shed much, making them a suitable choice for allergic individuals.
Spanish Water Dog
The Spanish Water Dog is a medium-sized hypoallergenic dog, with an industrious, jovial and robust character.
It has a string-like coat, with a special water resistant texture. It does not shed or shed hair from its cords. Therefore, it is a hypoallergenic water dog.
This medium sized breed is very characteristic for its “mop” coat, as the Puli’s rope-like coat is reminiscent of a mop. It is a cheerful and dynamic dog.
The strings that form the coat of the hypoallergenic puli do not shed loose hairs. This type of coat, besides not shedding hairs in the environment, retains dander and does not allow its dispersion, which is why the puli is one of those medium hypoallergenic dogs.
Kerry Blue terrier
The Kerry Blue Terrier is a dog with a strong temperament. It is brave, active and also affectionate. It is a medium hypoallergenic breed and its coat is silky and abundant.
It does not shed seasonally and this means that it hardly sheds its hair and allergy-causing agents do not roam the environment.
The Sealyham Terrier, or “Sealy,” is a fearless and energetic breed.
They have a long, wiry coat that barely sheds, making them a good choice for allergic individuals. The Sealy is a medium sized hypoallergenic dog.
Irish Soft coated wheaten terrier
The Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is a medium sized dog and one of the most gentle and obedient terriers.
This breed is covered with a single coat of soft, silky fur that barely sheds, preventing the spread of allergens, making the Irish Soft Coated a hypoallergenic medium sized dog.
The Scottish Terrier, also known as the Aberdeen Terrier or “Scottie,” is a reserved but affectionate and cheerful breed with its family. A great watchdog, they are loyal and strong-willed.
The Scottish Terrier is a medium hypoallergenic dog; due to the characteristics of its wire coat without shedding.
The Bedlington Terrier or lamb dog is a hypoallergenic, intelligent, brave and docile breed. It is of medium size. Its woolly and curly coat retains allergens and does not suffer hardly any shedding, making it a great choice as a medium hypoallergenic dog.
LARGE HYPOALLERGENIC DOGS
If you love big dogs, here are the best hypoallergenic big dogs. It is true that, in order to have a large dog, it is necessary to have more space at home, it would even be desirable to live in a house or, at least, with a garden or outdoor area for the dog’s relief. If this is the case, consult the breed profiles in our Home to check if it can live outdoors. This way you will have an allergen-free home without giving up the enjoyment of your pet.
The English Greyhound, or Greyhound, is the fastest of the sighthounds.
They are disciplined and friendly, with short fur that undergoes minimal seasonal shedding, making them a good option for allergic individuals who love Greyhounds and want a hypoallergenic breed.
The Samoyed is a large hypoallergenic dog with a beautiful white coat. Its double-coated coat is prepared to protect it from the inclement weather of its place of origin: northern Russia.
The hypoallergenic status of the Samoyed breed is in question, because although the Samoyed is considered hypoallergenic because it produces little allergens, it is a large breed with abundant hair loss.
It is an animal that needs to live in cold climates and can live outdoors, thus leaving the interior of the home free of hair and allergen buildup.
The Goldendoodle is a laboratory breed of dog. This means that it is a hybrid breed, created on purpose. It arises from the cross between a golden retriever and a poodle or poodle. If it inherits the hypoallergenic coat of the small poodle, it is an intelligent and helpful specimen with a curly coat without shedding, perfect as a large hypoallergenic dog. Although there are different sizes of Goldendoodle.
Think that the breed was created precisely to get a dog with the capabilities of the Golden that was also a hypoallergenic dog.
The Airedale Terrier is the largest of the Terriers, weighing between 20-25 kg.
They are independent, strong, and affectionate. Its dense, rough and harsh coat does not shed and does not molt, which is why the Airedale is considered a hypoallergenic large dog.
Irish Water Spaniel
The Irish Water Spaniel is the largest of the hypoallergenic water dogs.
They are an athletic, loyal, and gentle breed with a greasy-textured coat that repels water. Like other Water Dogs, they don’t shed and are a good choice for people with allergies.
Peruvian Hairless Dog
The Peruvian Hairless Dog is a large, affectionate, agile and very curious hypoallergenic dog. It is affectionate, faithful and protective of its owners. It is considered a hypoallergenic dog due to the absence of fur, which is the main distributor of allergens in the environment.
There are three sizes of Peruvian Hairless Dog: small, medium and large. The large size is the most common. The smallest size is always recommended to reduce allergens.
The Australian Cobberdog is a hypoallergenic Australian dog breed. Its main characteristic is that it is a breed of dog created in a laboratory.
This hybrid breed was created precisely to be suitable for allergy sufferers. Its purpose was to create a hypoallergenic dog with the therapy, good character and intelligence of the Labrador.
When the dog inherits the coat of the Poodle, we have a hypoallergenic, intelligent and docile Cobberdog with the curly coat of the Poodle. There are different sizes of the hypoallergenic Australian Cobberdog.
These are the 36 best hypoallergenic dog breeds. Every person and every allergy is different, so some people will find one breed ideal and others will find other breeds ideal. There will also be people who will not be able to live with any dog, since hypoallergenic does NOT mean 100% allergen-free. We always remember that it is essential to consult with your allergist, since there are people who only suffer mild symptoms, and on the other hand, others, allergic reactions are activated without the dog being present, just because it has been in that place previously. For these severe cases, it is very important to consult a doctor beforehand.
For severe cases, it’s crucial to consult with a doctor to minimize allergens in the home for good cohabitation. With these easy and inexpensive tips, you can keep your home free of allergens.